Federal Regulatory Agencies
Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC)
The FERC is an independent agency that regulates the interstate transmission of electricity, natural gas, and oil. FERC also reviews proposals to build liquefied natural gas (LNG) terminals and interstate natural gas pipelines as well as licensing hydropower projects.
As part of that responsibility, FERC:
Pipeline & Hazardous Materials Safety Administration (PHMSA)
The U.S. Department of Transportation's PHMSA is the Federal agency responsible for ensuring safety in the design, construction, operation and maintenance, and spill response planning of natural gas and liquid transportation pipelines. The federal government establishes minimum pipeline safety standards under the U.S. Code of Federal Regulations (CFR), Title 49, Parts 190-199. The Office of Pipeline Safety (OPS) within PHMSA has overall regulatory responsibility for hazardous liquid and natural gas pipelines under its jurisdiction in the United States. PHMSA's Pipeline Safety Enforcement Program is designed to monitor and enforce compliance with pipeline safety regulations and confirm operators are meeting PHMSA expectations for safe, reliable and environmentally sound operation of their facilities.